Strategically located between Pittsburgh and the Washington D.C./Baltimore corridor, Fayette County shares borders with Maryland and West Virginia and is home to the Nemacolin Woodlands Resort, Frank Lloyd Wright's architectural masterpiece, Fallingwater. Top employers include the Uniontown Hospital, Nemacolin, Williamhouse Regency and IMS Metering Systems. Burgeoning employers include Texas-based Valerus, which services compressors used to process natural gas from the Marcellus Shale, and Johnson Matthey, which makes catalysts to control emissions from diesel engines. Both are located near Smithfield, about an hour and a half from Pittsburgh.
Tourism is a big employer: Fayette County includes much of the Laurel Highlands, including the hugely popular Ohiopyle State Park. Along with hiking, biking and rock climbing, it offers some of the eastern United States' best whitewater rafting, along the Youghiogheny River ("the Yough" -- pronounced yawk).
In addition to Fallingwater, Fayette County is also home to Kentuck Knob, another Wrights' structure. Other attractions include Fort Necessity, the official opening battle site of the French and Indian War; Laurel Caverns which features a complete 18-hole underground golf course; and Nemacolin Castle, a charming Victorian mansion that's open to visitors and candlelit tours at Christmastime.
Its county seat, Uniontown, was the childhood home of George C. Marshall, commander of the Allied troops in Europe during World War II.